By Matt Wallis - AWB
The last month has seen an extraordinary run across all major global agricultural commodities with severe weather concerns and strong demand dominating the headlines.
Extreme and prolonged dryness in the Brazilian Safrinha crop continues to see analysts slashing production estimates with some suggesting a further 4-8mmt could be wiped at the next USDA report due on May 12th. Not only has there been significant weather concerns but an increase in ethanol production coupled with strong US exports to the likes of China, Japan, Mexico and South Korea has seen the balance sheet continue to tighten. As such, the nearby May US Corn contract has managed to surge 216 USc/bu or 38% since mid-April and to add perspective, the last time we saw such a rally was in July 2012.
While the rally in corn has been impressive, the spotlight has been shared equally in the oilseeds complex. The theme of dry weather continues plaguing the canola growing regions of Canada where the nearby contract has surged CAD$142/t so far in May, trading as high as CAD$1,045/t - the highest value ever recorded. Canada, a traditional net exporter of canola, confirmed earlier that it will in fact import two cargoes of canola from the Ukraine to satisfy its domestic markets. Again, to put this in perspective, the previous high on the ICE exchange was for CAD$704/t set back in May, 1984.
A rising tide lifts all boats, and as such, wheat markets have managed to climb 130USc/bu or $60 AUD/t in the space of a month. With corn rallying on the Safrinha weather, it has created a feed hole which should see more wheat added to the feed ration.
It is also worth mentioning that while the northern US plains and Canada are dry, one decent rain will replenish these wheat growing regions.
Turning the attention to the domestic front, we see that much of the Australian cropping belt has had a favorable start to the 21/22 season with timely rainfall falling through most port zones.
Most Western Australian farmers have experienced better than average rainfall in April which, according to the Grains Industry of Western Australia, has seen canola plantings increase over 30% on last year’s acreage to a whopping 1.49 million hectares.
Over to South Australia where a dry spell appears set to continue well into May on top of what was a very much below average March/April period culminating in less than half the average rainfall received. The conditions are seeing farmers take a cautious approach to sowing with rotations modified to better suit the conditions.
Victoria is the story of two tales; Southern Victoria continues to record rain like every other year while the Wimmera and Mallee has largely missed out showing below average root zone soil moisture, the exception being a narrow corridor from Bendigo to Swan Hill with conditions described as average.
Northern and Central New South Wales continue to showcase their potential with convenient and plentiful sowing rainfalls while Southern New South Wales, in particular south of the Murrumbidgee, is hanging out for an event before the end of May.