By Princess Royal Station
The pressure is on, now more than ever, to increase both production and productivity of agricultural practices, whilst remaining economical and environmentally sustainable and efficient.
Figures projected in 2009, by the High-Level Expert Forum - How to Feed the World in 2050, illustrated that the global population is expected to grow by a third between 2009 and 2050, or by 2.3 billion people to a total of 9.1 billion people.
The report projected that by 2050 the demand for cereal grains for both human and animal production is expected to grow from the 2.1 billion tonnes in 2009 to some 3 billion tonnes in 2050. The demand for livestock, oils and dairy products is expected to grow at a much faster rate.
Despite the increasing challenges faced by producers such as;
* Limited resources,
* Higher growth rates in urban areas limiting the rural workforce
* Viable farming land being developed,
* Increasing cost of production,
Projections estimate that the overall global food production would require increasing the overall food production by approximately 70 percent between 2005/07 and 2050 and double in developing countries. (Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, 2017)
The World Food Programme reported that in 2016 an estimated 108 million people faced what they referred to as ‘crisis food insecurity’ or worse up from 80 million in 2015. Factors such as conflict, high food costs and abnormal weather patterns caused by EL Niño were mainly to blame. (Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, 2017)
The news isn’t all bad, we are quickly becoming increasingly more productive and innovative in our solutions as we look to produce more with less. The government has a push towards assisting new and innovative technologies, research and development and projects that will also produce growth in our regional areas.
Australia’s primary industry is using innovation through new technology, better resource management and improved business models as well as other things. Some examples include;
* The use of agricultural drones,
* Driverless machinery,
* New specialised grains and foods,
* Specialised machinery,
* Electronic livestock tracking devices,
* Specialised diets for livestock,
* Broader and faster internet access in regional areas,
* New and improved programs.
Australia’s primary industries are ever evolving and are constantly aiming to do more with less, and we think that they are Australia’s most exciting. We are seeing and hearing so many great stories from producers overcoming obstacles and finding new ways to innovate.
The following source was used as a refrence in this document:
High-Level Expert Forum - How to Feed the World in 2050 Office of the Director, Agricultural Development Economics Division Economic and Social Development Department Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy